Josef Albers, Hans Nathan Feibusch, Arnold Fiedler, Franz Frank, Teo Gebürsch, Georg Grosz, Alfred Hanf, Otto Hermann, Georg Paul Heyduck, Eric Isenburger, Hella Jacobs, César Klein, Else Lasker- Schüler, Ludwig Meid-ner, Georg Meistermann, Otto Nagel, Valentin Nagel, Otto Pankok, Carl Rabus, Hubert Rüther, Milly Steger, Erna Schmidt-Caroll, Wilhelm Schnarrenberger, Horst Strempel, Oskar Zügel.
During the first months of 2012 the Museum of Persecuted Arts of Solingen will be the guest of Prague’s Montanelli Museum.
In the European context the Museum of Persecuted Arts is a unique and highly respected institution. It combines art and literature and concentrates on the two totalitarian eras of the last century, presenting the art of those who fought against national socialism and communism.
The central figure of the “Dreams and Nightmares“ exhibition is the artist Else Lasker-Schüler. It was she, in the nineteen twenties, who coined the well-known phrase: “Manchmal habe ich Sehnsucht nach Prag – Sometimes I long for Prague“. In 1933 Else Lasker-Schüler had to flee the Germany of the Nazis and she died alone in Jerusalem in 1945. A great part of the exhibition is taken up by her drawings and collages, which were until very recently displayed with great success in the Hamburger Bahnhof Museum of Modern Art in Berlin.
The exhibition will be further enriched by works of other renowned authors from the collection of the Solingen Museum.
The “Dreams and Nightmares“ exhibition is supported by the Czech-German Fund for the Future.
The Montanelli Museum has prepared the Dreams and Nightmares exhibition from the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts of Solingen (Federal Republic of Germany). Highly expressive works of art with a unique testimony – this is art representing the catastrophies of the 20th century. The exhibition will open in the MuMo premises on 1st March and will run until 22nd May. On display will be works by Central European artists dating from the first half of the twentieth century who, in their life and work, made a stand against injustice and dictatorship.
In fact these artists will be seen for the first time in the Czech Republic. The works militate against hope and
hopelessness, since they embody dreams as well as nightmares. On the one hand they depict the “Dreams” by
which human beings fight for humanity, whilst on the other “Nightmares”, meaning the danger of terrorism, dictatorship, wars and violence.
Paradoxically it was political dictatorships that contributed to the art of the last century, literally dislocating itself from the “business as usual” norm. The years 1933 to 1945 in Germany, and from 1938 onwards in Czechoslovakia, are characterised by the despotism of the National Socialist regime. The horrors of fascist dictatorship and, some 10 years later, the coming of Communist totalitarianism, forbade artists from creating, locked them in jail and either forced them to emigrate or into the arms of death, especially when the individuals concerned were persecuted for their origins or heterodox views. Between the years 1933 and 1945 around 20,000 works of art were either siezed or destroyed, both in museums or in artists’ studios.
In the Dreams and Nightmares exhibition at the Montanelli Museum we can once again discover the works of
art and the fate of those artists who had the courage to think freely and took the uncomfortable route of fighting against National Socialism and Communism. The Museum of Persecuted Arts in Solingen opened in 2008 with the exhibition “Heaven and Hell 1918-1989”. Both the exhibit on and the museum itself received the highest praise, while the press hailed the museum as one of the most important in Germany. As an institution the museum is unique in Europe. It brings together literature and the visual arts with reference to both the totalitarian regimes of the past century. The art collections of the Solingen museum who lent us their exhibits are: Bürgerstiftung für verfemte Künste with the collection of Gerhard Schneider and the collection of literary and art works of the Else Lasker-Schüler Society.
In 2011, with the Maria Maria 1511/ 2011 exhibition supported also by the Czech-German Fund for the Future, the Montanelli Museum already showed how to build bridges between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Czech Republic. The Dreams and Nightmares exhibition takes the process a stage further.
Exhibition opening in the Montanelli Museum: 29th February 2012 at 7 p.m.
The exhibition will run from 1st March until 22nd May 2012
Exhibits supplied by:
Museum der verfolgten Künste / Museum of Persecuted Arts,
Kunstmuseum Solingen GmbH
Wuppertaler Str. 160, 42653 Solingen
Tel.: +49212 258 140
Director: Dr. Rolf Jessewitsch